Enviva Wood Supply Map

Choose a supply area to explore harvests Enviva sourced from during the time period spanning January through June 2019. Hover over points to view harvest details.

 

Percent Volume to Enviva is marked as “N/A” for tracts from which volume was delivered to Enviva as part of a thinning or post-harvest site preparation operation. Thinning and site preparation harvests are not final harvests, but rather forest management practices intended to encourage sawtimber growth or to facilitate replanting following a harvest operation for higher-quality products that did not fully clear the site of low-quality material. In addition, especially around our Cottondale facility, Enviva occasionally receives volume from “understocked” tracts. On these tracts, regeneration conditions have not been adequate to produce an economically desirable volume of high-quality sawtimber and so clearing is necessary to allow for replanting to occur. For more discussion on this topic, please view our Voices of Enviva blog post: “Merchandising volume reflects regional variation”. Percent volume to Enviva for these understocked tracts is marked as “N/A” because the harvest is not the result of a traditional sawtimber operation. As with all of the other wood we purchase, the wood from these thinning, site preparation, and understocked harvests is low-grade roundwood and/ or other chipped harvest residues. Though Percent Volume to Enviva is labeled as “N/A,” these tracts are included on the Wood Supply Map and factored into all of the summary statistics presented here.

In order to maintain the privacy of Enviva’s suppliers and landowners, the points are placed in the vicinity of the harvest, but not the precise location of the forest. Due to agreements with a subset of suppliers prohibiting mapped display of harvest information, a small subset of forest tracts (comprising ~ 2% of total fiber supply) are not displayed on this map. Volume data from these harvests are still included in summary statistics.

We now collect information at the stand level. In some cases, a tract may have more than one stand. To illustrate this, we are showing up to two stands of information in the dialog box. The first value for each field corresponds to the first stand. The second value for each field corresponds to the second stand. In this example, the first stand is a Mixed Pine & Hardwood stand, had a final harvest, was 40 to 50 years old, and was 150 acres. For this set of data, there were 9 tracts with more than two stands’ worth of information. Those stand characteristics were factored into our calculations for each of our metrics presented on the website, but are not shown here because there is not enough space in the hover box.

Feedstock Origin — Enviva Aggregate

33% Mixed Pine & Hardwood Forests

The canopy of mixed pine & hardwood forests contains both pine and hardwood trees, and are typically established through natural regeneration instead of planting. This type of forest occurs on the Southern landscape less frequently than pine-only forest types and are often a result of hands-off forest management practices.

At maturity, the forest contains mostly large-diameter trees of both pine and hardwood species with smaller, lower-quality trees growing in the understory. These forests are generally harvested during a final harvest cut, where the stems of sawtimber trees are sold to sawmills to make higher-grade solid wood products like furniture and lumber. The tops and branches of sawtimber trees and the lower-quality understory trees cannot be made into solid wood products, but need to be removed from the forest so the next rotation of sawtimber can begin growing. These lower-quality products are sold to consumers like Enviva.

18% Pine Forests

Pine forests contain mostly pine trees that are grown to produce pine sawtimber. These forests are usually planted and managed for increased productivity and to prevent the growth of non-pine species.

These forests are generally ‘thinned’ about halfway through their growth cycle, meaning that some trees are removed to create more room for remaining trees to grow to sawtimber size and quality. These thinned trees are sold to consumers of lower-grade wood like Enviva. When the forest reaches maturity and is harvested, the stems of sawtimber trees are sold to sawmills that make higher-grade solid wood products like lumber. The tops and branches of sawtimber trees and any poor-quality trees that cannot be made into solid wood products are sent to consumers of lower-grade wood like Enviva.

27% Pine Forests with Hardwood Understory

The canopy of pine forests with hardwood understory contains pine trees that are primarily grown to produce pine sawtimber. These forests also contain low-quality hardwood understory and are either manually planted to pine or naturally seeded. Hardwood growth happens naturally through root and seed propagation.

At maturity, the forest contains mostly straight, large-diameter pine trees with smaller, lower-quality hardwood trees growing underneath. When the forest is harvested, the stems of sawtimber trees are sold to sawmills that make higher-grade solid wood products like lumber. The tops and branches of sawtimber trees and the crooked hardwood trees from below cannot be made into solid wood products, but need to be removed from the forest so the next rotation of pine sawtimber can begin growing. These harvest byproducts are sold to consumers like Enviva.

17% Mill & Industry Residues

Mill and industry residues are comprised of sawdust, wood shavings, and other material produced as a waste product during sawmilling and other wood processing.

3% Other Hardwood Forests

Other hardwood forests are forests in upland areas containing mostly hardwood trees that are grown to produce hardwood sawtimber, or any forest of the hardwood type that does not fit the definition of bottomland hardwood.

At maturity, these forests contain mostly large-diameter oak, poplar, and hickory hardwood sawtimber trees with smaller, lower-quality hardwood trees growing underneath. When the forest is harvested, the stems of sawtimber trees are sold to sawmills that make higher-grade solid wood products like furniture. The tops and branches of sawtimber trees and the lower-value hardwood trees from below cannot be made into solid wood products, but need to be removed from the site so the next generation of the forest can begin growing. These harvest byproducts are sold to consumers of lower-grade wood like Enviva.

1% Bottomland Hardwood Forests

Bottomland hardwood forests in lowland areas and floodplains containing mostly large-diameter oak, gum, and cypress sawtimber trees with smaller, lower-quality hardwood trees growing underneath. When the forest is harvested, the stems of sawtimber trees are sold to sawmills that make higher-grade solid wood products like furniture. The tops and branches of sawtimber trees and the lower-value hardwood trees from below cannot be made into solid wood products, but need to be removed from the site so the next generation of the forest can begin growing. These harvest byproducts are sold to consumer of lower-grade wood like Enviva.

The majority of bottomland hardwood forests are working lands that require active management in order to maintain forest health, but some are sensitive habitats of High Conservation Value (HCV) that should be conserved. Enviva is committed to not taking wood from HCV bottomlands. To learn about how Enviva makes bottomland hardwood forests sourcing decisions, visit our Responsible Wood Supply Program page.

<1% Landscaping and Arboricultural Residues

Landscaping and arboricultural residues include wood derived from landscaping and urban tree maintenance.

Feedstock Origin by Region

Chesapeake

The Chesapeake region includes the Ahoskie, Northampton, and Southampton mills.

Mixed Pine and Hardwood 41%
Pine with Hardwood Understory 31%
Pine Forests 5%
Mill & Industry Residues 14%
Bottomland Hardwood 3%
Other Hardwood 6%

Wilmington

The Wilmington region includes the Sampson and Greenwood mills.

Mixed Pine and Hardwood 40%
Pine with Hardwood Understory 33%
Pine Forests 25%
Mill & Industry Residues 1%
Other Hardwood 1%
Bottomland Hardwood <1%

Southeast

The Southeast region includes the Amory and Cottondale mills.

Mixed Pine and Hardwood 12%
Pine with Hardwood Understory 12%
Pine Forests 34%
Mill & Industry Residues 42%
Bottomland Hardwood <1%
Other Hardwood <1%
Landscaping and Arboricultural Residues <1%

 
 
 

Map 1: Forest Trend Map

Data from USDA Forest Service’s Forest Inventory and Analysis program on forest area and inventory.

Visit the Map

 

Welcome! Thank you for your interest in Enviva’s Track & Trace program. We’re pleased to share our wood sourcing data to increase transparency about our supply chain. Please note, however, that the information and data contained on the following web page(s) is for general information purposes only and may not be reproduced, copied, sold, excerpted or removed without prior written consent from Enviva.

By clicking “Agree” below you agree not to reproduce, copy, sell, excerpt or remove any information or data contained on the following web page(s) without Enviva’s express written consent.

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